Purpose - report on original research or experimentation
Length - longer, in-depth analysis
Authors - expert or scholar in discipline, name and credentials provided
Language/Audience - jargon of discipline for scholarly readers
Format/Structure - serious look, structure (abstract, introduction, literature review, methodology, results, conclusion), always cite sources
Evaluation - reviewed and evaluated by subject experts and editors
Popular Magazine Articles
Purpose - to entertain, to sell products, to promote a particular viewpoint
Length - short, broad overview, litle depth
Authors - staff writer/journalist, name and credentials often not provided
Language/Audience - simple language, general readers
Format/Structure - slick, attractive appearance, not a specific format, does NOT cite sources, lots of graphics
Evaluation - not evaluated by subject experts or editors
The "domain" provides information about what type of website you are viewing. The domain can by found by looking at the URL of a website.
.com is a commercial website
.edu is a website associated with a school
.gov is a government website
.mil is a military website
.org is a non-profit or organization's website
Can you think about how information might vary among these different kinds of websites?
Evaluating Information: Applying the CRAAP Test
(Borrowed from Meriam Library - California State University, Chico)
When you search for information, you're going to find lots of it...but is it good information? You will have to determine that for yourself, and the CRAAP Test can help. The CRAAP Test is a list of questions to help you evaluate the information you find. Different criteria will be more or less important depending on your situation or need.
Currency: The timeliness of the information.
Relevance: The importance of the information for your needs.
Authority: The source of the information.
Accuracy: The reliability, truthfulness and correctness of the content.
Purpose: The reason the information exists.